Physical Therapist can now bill for a substitute Physical Therapist

January 4th, 2018 - Find-A-Code
Categories:   Medicare   Physical Medicine|Physical Therapy   Billing   Modifiers  
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As of 6/13/2017 Medicare contractors shall accept claims from Physical Therapists, Provider Specialty 65 – Physical Therapist in Private Practice, for services provided by a substitute physical therapist under a fee-for-time compensation arrangement when submitted with the Q6 modifier.

The A/B MAC Part B may pay the patient’s regular physician for physicians' services and services furnished incident to such services that are provided by a substitute physician during the absence of the regular physician where the regular physician pays the substitute on a per diem or similar fee-for-time basis, and certain other requirements are met. Also, in the case of outpatient physical therapy services furnished by physical therapists in a HPSA, a MUA, or a rural area, the A/B MAC Part B may pay the patient’s regular physical therapist for such services that are provided by a substitute physical therapist where the regular physical therapist pays the substitute on a per diem or similar fee-for-time basis, and certain other requirements are met.  

General requirements applicable to all Reciprocal Billing Arrangements Under section 16006 of the 21st Century Cures Act, a Medicare-enrolled physical therapist may use a substitute physical therapist to furnish outpatient physical therapy services in a HPSA, a MUA, or a rural area under a reciprocal billing arrangement on or after June 13, 2017. The patient’s regular physician or physical therapist may submit the claim, and (if assignment is accepted) receive the Part B payment, for covered visit services which the regular physician or physical therapist arranges to be provided by a substitute physician or physical therapist on an occasional reciprocal basis, if:

• The regular physician or physical therapist is unavailable to provide the services;

• The Medicare patient has arranged or seeks to receive the services from the regular physician or physical therapist;

• The substitute physician or physical therapist does not provide the services to Medicare patients over a continuous period of longer than 60 days subject to the following exception: A physician or physical therapist called to active duty in the Armed Forces may bill for services furnished under a reciprocal billing arrangement for longer than the 60-day limit; and

• The regular physician or physical therapist indicates that the services were provided by a substitute physician or physical therapist under a reciprocal billing arrangement meeting the requirements of this section by entering in item 24d of Form CMS-1500 HCPCS code Q5 modifier (service furnished under a reciprocal billing arrangement by a substitute physician or by a substitute physical therapist furnishing outpatient physical therapy services in a health professional shortage area, a medically underserved area, or a rural area) after the procedure code. The regular physician or physical therapist must keep on file a record of each service provided by the substitute physician or physical therapist along with the substitute physician or physical therapist’s NPI, and make this record available to the A/B MAC Part B upon request.

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